Once of the best ways to treat and prevent dry skin on your face is to use a facial moisturizer. Before choosing a facial moisturizer, you will need to know what kind of skin type you have. Different products are made or different skin types. Get one that matches yours, and you will get the best results.
The four major skin types are normal, dry, oily, and combination (dry and oil). Two more skin types that are sometimes mentioned are sensitive and acne prone skin. Sensitive skin can be mixed with any other skin type.
Once you determine your skin type, you can find the best moisturizer for that skin type.
Normal skin is what we all want. Pores will be small and not visible. Skin tone will be even, and will not have any red patches. Acne might occur in puberty, but should disappear after high school. Skin and hair will not get greasy between showers. Sebum (oil) production is normal, enough to keep skin hydrated and healthy.
People with a dry skin type do not have glands that produce enough oil to naturally hydrate and protect skin. You can definitely not see any visible pores. Acne is not common with this skin type, but red scaly patches can occur. Wrinkles and fine lines are also common. Skin will often feel tight after cleansing. Dead skin cells can build up and make skin look dull, so exfoliating is important.
The oily skin type is the opposite of dry. Oil glands produce too much sebum, and this can cause some problem. Skin can have a shiny appearance, pores will be visible, and hair often gets greasy between showers. Acne breakouts and blackheads are common, but not necessarily in all people. The upside is that the skin stays looking young, even into old age.
This skin type is a combination of oily and dry skin. Skin on the T-zone (nose, chin, forehead) is usually oily. Then skin on the cheeks and outer areas will be dry and flaky. This skin type is hard to deal with, because it is so temperamental.
All skin types can also be sensitive. People with sensitive skin need to be careful about what products they use on their face. Some negative side effects can be redness, stinging, and allergies (contact dermatitis).
Acne Prone Skin
Acne prone skin is similar to oily skin, except not everyone with oily skin gets acne. Acne develops when oil gets trapped in pores. Then acne causing bacteria gets into pores and starts an infection. Exfoliating ingredients can help this skin type.